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The massive bastions wrap themselves protectively around the city and are cited as being among the most fascinating fortifications in Europe. The bastions were completed within five years, an impressively short length of time considering the extensive perimeter, using huge stones and primitive tools with more than 8000 workers a day.

Within the thick walls are tunnels, secret passages and storage vaults. There are further fortifications in Floriana, on the way to Marsa and at Pieta however the best sight of the fortified city is from the sea – there are frequent harbour cruises where boats trace the rocky coastline from where one can view the Valletta bastions which rise powerfully high from the Mediterranean Sea.

By night, these are floodlit to perfection, a stunning monument to the past, a spectacle of beauty for the present.

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