Heritage & Museums
The archipelago’s strategic location, lying virtually at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea rendered Malta a much-desired naval base throughout history. A long list of great powers have ruled, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moors and the British.
The first settlers on the islands constructed Ggantija, an enormous Neolithic temple complex. The temple is one of the oldest man-made freestanding structures in the world. Over the millennia, Malta has been the site of many significant buildings, a number of which can be visited today.
The ancient Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Temples, 16th-century masterpiece of St. John’s Co-Cathedral and the formidable Victorian battery of Fort Rinella are but a few that play a part of heritage and museum prominence.
Malta’s museums provide a profound insight into its enormous history. Several chronicle Malta’s extraordinary experience throughout the Second World War. The Maltese people’s endurance and bravery through the Second Siege of Malta earned the country the George Cross award. The medal can now be seen in the National War Museum.
Valletta plays host to The National Museum of Fine Arts, National Museum of Archaeology and numerous state-of-the-art cultural centres.