Heritage & Museums
The archipelago’s strategic location, lying virtually at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea rendered Malta a much-desired naval base throughout history. A long list of great powers have ruled here, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moors and the British.
The first settlers on the islands constructed Ggantija, an enormous Neolithic temple complex and one of the oldest man-made freestanding structures in the world. Over the millennia, Malta has been the site of a great many significant buildings, a number of which can be visited today.
The truly ancient Hagar Qim and Mnajdra Temples, 16th-century masterpiece of St. John’s Co-Cathedral and formidable Victorian battery of Fort Rinella are but a few.
Malta’s museums provide a profound insight into this small nation’s enormous history. Several chronicle Malta’s extraordinary experience in the Second World War. The Maltese people’s endurance and bravery through the Second Siege of Malta earned the country a George Cross, which can be seen today in the National War Museum.
Valletta plays host to The National Museum of Fine Arts, National Museum of Archaeology and numerous other state-of-the-art cultural centres.